Five research areas comprise the Joint Institute’s activities on global change.
The Global Change Assessment Model
JGCRI is the home and primary development institution for the Global Change Assessment Model, an integrated assessment tool for exploring consequences and responses to global change. The model development team at JGCRI comprises economists, engineers, energy experts, forest ecologists, agricultural scientists, and climate system scientists who develop the model and apply it to a range of science and policy questions and work closely with Earth system and ecosystem modelers to integrate the human decision components of GCAM into their analyses.
The Global Energy Technology Strategy Program
The Global Energy Technology Strategy Program conducts research to improve scientific understanding of the interactions between energy, technology, policy, and climate change. The results of GTSP-funded research are communicated in scholarly papers, briefings, analyses, participation in community activities, and through the GTSP Annual Meeting.
Carbon Cycle Science
Carbon cycle science at JGCRI focuses on the terrestrial carbon cycle and human activities that influence the land surface – agriculture, forestry, and other land use changes including urbanization. JGCRI’s goal in terrestrial carbon cycle research is to reduce uncertainty in how land use and land cover change influence current carbon dynamics and also to better understand how future potential human activities and climate changes may impact the terrestrial carbon cycle.
Climate Impacts and Adaptation
Our Impacts research focuses on understanding the potential impacts of future climate change on agriculture, water resources and unmanaged ecosystems and the potential role of soil carbon in climate change mitigation. The goal of our Vulnerability and Adaptations research is to develop and apply methods for assessing the vulnerability of natural resources and socio-economic systems to climate variability and change.
Energy Efficiency and Mitigation
Energy decision making remains one of the greatest challenges in addressing climate change. Our research combines both an integrated, global understanding of the issues around energy efficient and mitigation with detailed knowledge of specific countries and technologies. We have a track-record of pairing innovative financing design with programs for greater impact—financing is important, particularly in the incubation stage of new programs. JGCRI also has a long history of building sustainable capacity around the world by creating and nurturing independent organizations, and by providing training to create local knowledge for energy efficiency and clean energy.