Studies of vulnerability and resilience have multiplied with the growing realization that societal response, particularly societal capacity to adapt to climate change impacts, determines both the severity of impacts and the costs of adaptation. The definition and focus of such studies come from other research communities, including research in impacts of climate change (emphasizing physical impacts), natural hazards and disasters (the hazards themselves plus societal preparation and response/recovery), and sustainability (societal conditions and decisions about using natural resources). Although research in vulnerability and resilience began by emphasizing vulnerability, the focus has shifted at least in part to resilience as a positive concept that can be more integrated with general development goals.
A survey by Population Action International and Miz-Hasab Research Center asked Ethiopians about what makes them resilient. See the additional report at PAI.